The Exhibitions
Exhibition of Cultural History of Shandong
Time:Tuesday-Sunday 9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m.      Address:No. 6、7、8 exhibition halls on the second floor

The Exhibition of Cultural History of Shandong, comprising three sections: the prehistoric period, the period from Xia, Shang to Zhou Dynasties, the period from Qin-Han to Ming-Qing Dynasties, which is designed for the opening of the new Shandong Museum, is an exquisite and large exhibition with typical Shandong local characteristics.

As one of the important cradles of Chinese civilization, Shandong enjoys a long history and bright culture. As long as four to five hundred thousand years ago,there lived “Yi Yuan Man” on this land, which was during the same era as “Peking Man”. In Shandong Peninsula, there are rich Neolithic Age sites, and a complete culture pedigree of the Neolithic Age going chronologically like this: Houli culture,Beixin culture, Dawenkou culture and Longshan culture, which indicates that Shandong is one of the important birthplaces of ancient Chinese civilization. The historical relics from this era which reflect the living conditions of the Neolithic Age from several aspects and the rich prehistoric civilization of Shandong are on display, from the ancient wildness to the settled agriculture, from the crudely made chipped stone tools to the jade articles, from the roughly made potteries to the exquisite egg-shell black potteries.

In Xia and Shang Dynasty, Shandong area was the place of a herd of Dongyi states. The military and non-military conflicts of these Dongyi states against the central dynasty became the driving forces to enhance the form of Chinese culture at large. Particularly, Qi and Lu, these two states became the core of the Shandong area. During the times of Western Zhou, the Spring and Autumn and Warring States, the states headed by Qi and Lu developed into the most advanced states in terms of politics, economy, culture and science. Duke Huan of Qi was the first in leading all the warring states by his policy of “uphold the authority of the royalty and expel Yi-barbarians”, while Lu Dukedom established itself by upholding the kingdom protocol with its loyalty to Zhou’s rule. Jixia Study Palace became very popular and the philosophy schools such as Confucius and Mozi emerged, developed and spread in this area, which extended to influence the Chinese culture and way of thinking in the coming of thousand years.

Emperor Qin took over all six countries and established the first unified country of great China. Qi State and Lu State were also included in this territory. In both Western and Eastern Han Dynasties Shandong was one of the most developed regions, and its agricultural and handicraft industries were very strong. In particular, Shandong was leading in the industries such as the iron and textiles, for instance, among 50 Iron industry administrations established in the Western Han Dynasty, Shandong iron accounted for 12, and the three textile centers were also in Shandong, namely Linzi, Dingtao, and Kangfu.

During the Wei Dynasty, the Jin Dynasty, and the following chaotic Sixteen States Period, the temporary division and wars disordered the region, however, Huns, Xianbei, Jie, Di, Qiang and other nomadic tribes moved into Shandong, their cultures merged with local residents, added a new drive for the development of Shandong. During the Sui Dynasty and the Tang Dynasty, the region became one of the most prosperous economic regions, people started to have a relative affluent material and cultural life. And it developed a very active oversea trade. The world-famous Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal was reconstructed and channeled into western Shandong. This change extremely promoted the development of the middle and the western areas in Shandong, and became the focus of that period of the unprecedented flourishing in both of social and economic life.

   

 

 

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